Blogs 2020 & 2021

The relevance of the new IR35 rules applicable to Transport sector and Drivers

Drivers on Demand blog photo

IR35 is a set of tax legislation designed to combat tax avoidance by workers and clients employed via an intermediary or an agent, also known as off-payroll working. The question to ask is, “if the intermediary did not exist, would the worker be classed as an employee”. If the answer is “Yes”, then the worker must be classified as an employee rather than a contractor.

The benefit to the client of hiring a contractor includes not having to pay National Insurance (NI) contributions, income tax, pensions, holiday and sick pay and hence it is a huge saving on the cost of employment to the end client. However, the contractor maybe on the PAYE scheme of the intermediary.  If the contractor is self-employed, payment is made without deducting NI contributions and income tax and this could be beneficial as some of the costs can be off-set as tax is paid on profit only. However, a self-employed person loses out on sick, holiday and maternity pay and also does not have employment security and only gets paid for the work they do, as has been the case over the past year due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

IR35 name comes from the Inland Revenue (now HMRC) press release number which originally publicised the new tax laws.

The IR35 rules apply only to medium and large companies that meet any two of the following three conditions:

  • Turnover greater than £10.2m
  • Balance sheet total greater than £5.1m
  • 50+ employees.

The new IR35 rules which are applicable from 6th April 2021 require the end client to determine the employment status of every worker instead of the contractor. The end client needs to provide a Status Determination Statement (SDS) to the worker or the organisation with which the contract is held. The SDS decides who is responsible for paying income tax.

The law requires the Transport Manager(TM) to have a “genuine link” to the company, either as a licence holder, partner, director or an employee. The Traffic Commissioner (TC) will look for the genuine link evidence and if satisfied, will class a person as an employee and not self-employed.

The law allows for an appointment of external TM who is under contract. Statutory Guidance Document 3 (SD3) says that an external TM must be directly contracted and not through an intermediary and hence is genuinely self-employed. However, SD3 directs that no external transport manager is responsible for more than 50 vehicles, across no more than four operators. If the company operates 50 vehicles, then the external transport manager can only work for that one company.

The employment of drivers is another area where self-employment status may be relevant. According to HMRC, self-employment is unlikely to be demonstrated unless the driver is an owner-driver with their own operators’ licence.

Agency drivers do not meet the self-employment criteria and are employed by the agency. Driver classified as self-employed should have a degree of autonomy in their work schedule, be able to send a replacement driver if they are unavailable, and accept financial risk. Owner-drivers with their own O-Licence may be considered as genuinely self-employed. However, if they work solely for one client over a long period of time, it may be viewed by HMRC as disguised employment and may incur possible penalties for both parties.

Employers can use Check Employment Status for Tax (CEST) tool from HMRC to check the tax status of its workers.

Drivers on Demand’s drivers are all employees on the PAYE under full employment contract.

Click on this link for further information on IR35

Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

What is the difference between Haulage and Freight

Haulage and Freight are often misused and the words are often interchanged. Haulage is often thought of as transport of goods by road or rail while freight is considered as transport of goods by air or sea but this is not strictly true.

Haulage is defined in the dictionary as the “business of transporting goods by road or railway” The word has English origins and is derived from Haul (or Hall in old English) – ‘pull or draw forcibly. In the old days it was mainly done by a horse or donkey but now we have motorised transport by road or rail. Haulage is mainly used for transport of goods within a country.

Freight is defined in the dictionary as “goods, but not passengers, that are carried from one place to another, by shipaircrafttrain, or truck. Freight has a broader meaning encompassing all forms of transport of goods. Freight has European origins:  fraught (Dutch),  vracht (German), fragt (Danish), frakt (Swedish), frete (Portugese), flete (Spanish)  and fret (French). They all mean “transporting of goods (and in some cases passengers) by water," Obviously in UK, the word freight has grown to mean transport of goods by ship, aircraft, train or truck. Freight is mainly used for deliveries of goods overseas and across different countries.

Both haulage and freight are used as a noun and verb.

Types of Haulage

Large number of companies specialise in movement of goods from its source (factories, farms, etc.) to where it is needed from supermarkets, warehouses, car showrooms to waste dumps. The main types of haulage are:

  • General Haulage – Generally transport of goods from various sectors like agriculture, healthcare, industries, and others.
  • Heavy Haulage - used for transporting large and heavy objects. Used mainly in construction industries. It can also include transport of agricultural machinery, cranes, construction equipment, and vehicles.
  • Hazardous Haulage - movement of hazardous materials substances such as toxic gas, explosives, chemicals, fertilizers, radioactive substances, and flammable liquids.
  • Waste Disposal – used to transport a large amount of waste and recyclable materials.
  • Vehicle Haulage - used in transporting vehicles like cars, buses, and motorcycles.
  • Parcel Delivery - used in the mass delivery of parcels across the country.
  • Fragile Load Haulage – used in in moving fragile goods like glass and digital display screens
  • Abnormal Load Haulage - used in transporting unusually large loads like cranes, wind turbines, bridge sections, and oversized machinery..

Types of Freight

Freight can be categorized into three types depending on the mode of transportation. They are air freight, shipments, and land freight. Depending on the size and the type of goods being transported, freight can further be classified into:

  • Less than Truckload is most popular form of freight because it is an extremely cost-effective. It allows businesses to combine their freight with those of other businesses, so that they do not have to pay for the cost of using the entire truckload.
  • Full Truckload - Uses the entire space available in the truck to carry the freight. This type of freight shipping works best for big loads and packages that require more space or additional conditions, as well as packages that need to arrive at their destination sooner, as you do not make many drops.
  • Intermodal Rail - a cost-effective, efficient, and environmentally friendly solution for shipping bulk construction or hazardous materials. Compared to shipping by truck, shipping by rail can save you both time and money.
  • Air Freight - The fastest option is using air freight. Ideal for smaller packages. This is the most expensive form of goods transportation and it is best for urgent and perishable products.
  • Ocean Freight - most cost-effective mode for shipping freight around the globe. It offers options to ship by full container load or less than container load.

In UK haulage, nearly 80% of the goods are transported by road. See charts below.

Domestic Transport of GoodsDomestic UK Freight Moved by Commodity in 2019

Although freight and haulage are often interchanged, it generally does not lead to any confusion and therefore should not be of great concern to most people.

For more information on UK Freight and Haulage, click on the links below:

Understanding the UK Freight Transport System 

Road Haulage Association 

.Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

Logistics Industry Needs the Next Generation of HGV/LGV Lorry Drivers

HGV/LGV Driver TrainingThe effect of Covid-19 has resulted in a disproportional number of young being made redundant. The unemployment rate in 16-24 year old age group currently stands at 14.2% and is predicted to rise further.

However one sector where there is a massive shortage is the HGV (Heavy Goods Vehicle)/LGV (Large Goods Vehicle) lorry drivers in the logistics sector. Some estimate that there is a shortage of lorry drivers of up to 76,000 in UK. This is an ideal time for young people to look into a career in HGV/LGV lorry driving. This sector is often overlooked but could provide a lucrative and rewarding career.

In this blog, we look at some of the requirements and how you go about becoming a lorry driver.

What are the requirements to becoming a lorry driver?

You need to be at least 18 years old and hold a full car driving licence. You need to be in a good medical health. There will be a medical examination prior to you becoming a lorry driver. As with all driving tests, you need to have good eyesight which could be with your spectacles.

Job Prospects

As mentioned, there is a huge shortage of HGV/LGV drivers in UK and hence your job prospects are very good once you are qualified. These days there is no such thing as job for life, but a career as a lorry driver could be as good as a job for life. There are plenty of opportunities to progress as well. You could start at entry level and work up to senior driver or transport team leader (supervisor), transport manager, or even become owner operator.

Job Environment

As a lorry driver you will work from depots, distribution centres, ports and warehouses, carrying goods all over the UK and possibly throughout Europe and hence a love of travelling would help. Your duties may include: 

  • Planning delivery schedules and routes
  • Supervising and/or helping to load and unload goods
  • Making sure loads are safely secured
  • Following traffic reports and changing your route if necessary
  • Completing delivery paperwork and log books
  • You may also have to deal with basic maintenance, like oil, tyre and brake checks before and after journeys.

You will often be working on your own and will need to be self-motivated, have a lot of patience and be extremely safety oriented.

Working Hours

The HGV/LGV lorry driver job is generally not a 9-5 job. You might prefer to work weekends, work through nights or have a different working pattern (four days working three days off, for example). The hours you drive are strictly controlled for Health and Safety reasons. Nine hours is the daily driving limit but you can increase it to ten hours twice a week. After a period of no more than 4.5 hours of driving you must immediately take a break of at least 45 minutes. The driving period can be continuous, or made up of shorter periods totalling 4.5 hours.

You can agree flexible working hours with your employer.


A newly qualified HGV driver can expect to earn a salary of over £20,000 whilst those more experienced can earn about £35,000 – that’s without bonuses and other rewards.

Types of Lorry Driver Licence Available

The types of HGV/LGV lorry you can drive depend on which class of driving licence you hold. These are:

  • Class 1/ Cat C+E – allows you to drive a vehicle with a detachable trailer (more commonly known as articulated lorry) over 7.5 tonnes.
  • Class 2/Cat C – allows you to drive a vehicle over 7.5 tonnes that has a rigid base and fixed cab.
  • Cat C1 – allows you drive a vehicle between 3.5 tonnes and 7.5 tonnes
  • Cat C1+E – allows you to drive a vehicle as in category C1 with the additional allowance to tow a trailer behind the vehicle too
  • Cat D – allows you to drive a bus/coach or vehicle designed to carry passengers

Where can you get a HGV/LGV Lorry Licence?

We advise that you go to a reputable company specialising in training to get your licence. Avoid brokers and agents as they do not train you but pass you on to another company who does. It is often cheaper to go direct and cut out the middle man. Sometimes brokers/agents offer you deals which seem attractive but you always end up paying more. Our sister company, Wallace School of Transport specialises in HGV/LGV lorry driver training and has over 50 years of experience in this sector. Once qualified “Drivers On Demand” can help you get a job.

If you want to train and obtain a HGV/LGV lorry licence contact Wallace School of Transport on 0208 453 3440

.Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

Mitigating Risks of Workplace Transport Accidents

Mitigating the Risk of Workplace Transport Accidents - Drivers on Demand BlogEvery year about 5000 work transport accidents occur in the workplace, which results in about 50 fatalities. Employers have a legal duty to ensure that the health and safety of their employees, contractors and general public are not put at risk. The main causes of the injuries are people falling off vehicles and being struck or crushed by them.

There are three key areas to consider when carrying out your risk assessment. These are:

  • Safe Site (design & activity)
  • Safe Vehicle
  • Safe Driver

Safe Site (design & activity)

Every site is different and is likely to present different hazards and risks. However, if you take the following steps, you will minimise the risk of accidents;

  • Make sure the road is wide enough for the safe movement of the largest vehicle.
  • Ensure surfaces are suitable for the vehicles and pedestrians using them, for example firm, even and properly drained. Outdoor traffic routes should be similar to those required for public roads.
  • Avoid steep slopes.
  • Keep routes clear of obstructions.
  • Make sure they are clearly marked and signposted.
  • Avoid sharp corners and blind bends
  • Suitable segregation of vehicles and people, like separate pedestrian and traffic routes.
  • If segregation is not possible, you need to clearly mark pedestrian and traffic routes using measures such as barriers and signs
  • One way system will reduce the need for drivers to reverse. About a quarter of all workplace transport accidents occur when vehicles are reversing
  • There should be a separate entrances and exits for vehicles and pedestrians
  • Where pedestrians and traffic routes cross, they should be clearly marked using measures such as kerbs, barriers, deterrent paving, etc. to help direct pedestrians to the appropriate crossing points.
  • Signs for drivers and pedestrians in a workplace should be the same as those used on public roads. Where driving is likely to be carried out in the dark, illuminated or reflective signs should be used. White road markings should be used to regulate traffic flow, and yellow markings should be used for parking.
  • Keep roads properly maintained
  • Visibility should be good enough for drivers to see hazards, and pedestrians to see vehicles. Adequate visibility for drivers is related to vehicle speed and the distance needed to stop or change direction safely. Consider having mirrors where sharp or blind bends cannot be avoided. Every workplace should have suitable and sufficient lighting, particularly in areas where vehicles manoeuvre, or pedestrians and vehicles circulate and cross, and also loading and unloading areas.
  • Reducing vehicle speed is an important part of workplace transport safety. Fixed traffic control measures such as speed humps, chicanes and ‘rumble strips’ can reduce vehicle speed. Speed limits can also be used, but they need to be appropriate, properly enforced and, where possible, consistent across the site. To assess an appropriate speed limit, consider the route layout and its usage. For example, lower speeds will be appropriate where pedestrians are present or where lift trucks and road-going vehicles share a traffic route.
  • Parking areas should be clearly indicated and there should be separate parking areas for commercial and private vehicles. There should also be designated areas where commercial vehicles can be loaded and unloaded.

Safe vehicle

 Vehicles used in the workplace should be suitable for the purpose for which they are used. You should carefully consider the working environment in which a specific vehicle will be used and the suitability of that vehicle for the people using it. Other risk assessment issues to consider are:

  • Some workplace vehicles like forklift trucks may be fitted with rotating beacons and reversing alarms and conspicuous painting and marking to make it stand out to pedestrians.
  • Drivers should be able to see clearly around their vehicle, so consider measures such as CCTV and special mirrors where visibility is restricted.
  • Vehicles should be designed so that, wherever possible, those who use them can do their work from the ground. Where people have to work at height on vehicles, suitable means of safe access onto and around vehicles should be provided.
  • Vehicles should be maintained in good working order so they remain mechanically sound, and any devices, such as flashing beacons, function properly.
  • Drivers should be provided with a list of the daily checks to be signed off at the start of each shift. This should be monitored to ensure the checks are carried out properly.

Safe driver

Drivers should be competent to operate a vehicle safely and receive appropriate information, instruction and training for the vehicle they use. Other risk assessment issues to consider are:

  • It is particularly important that younger or less experienced drivers are closely monitored following their training to ensure they work safely.
  • Training requirements will depend on an individual’s experience and the training they have previously received. Your risk assessment should help decide the level and amount of training a person requires.
  • You should keep a training record for each driver. This will help to ensure the most appropriate person is allocated a particular task and identify those requiring refresher training.

This is by no means a comprehensive list. You will find more information by clicking on the following links:

Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

Lorry Drivers Require Negative COVID-19 Test Before Entering France

Truck and van drivers travelling to France require a negative COVID-19 test taken less than 72 hours before arrival in France. To cater for this, 34 Department of Transport haulier information advice sites offering COVID-19 tests are now operational for international lorry and van drivers.

Drivers with a valid test will be able to use “fast track” access for Eurotunnel and Dover Port. Drivers entering Kent without a COVID-19 test can have it done at Ashford Sevington on M20 - Junction 8 for Channel Tunnel and Manston Airport for Dover (Postcode for entry to Manston site is CT12 5FF). However, this may cause severe delays and hence get tested before entering Kent  by using one of the sites listed below. It is not possible to enter France without a valid negative test.

Lorry Driver getting instructionsAdditionally, from 1 January 2021, HGV drivers must have a Kent Access Permit (KAP) to travel through Kent to the Port of Dover or the Eurotunnel and on to the European Union (EU). The permit helps manage traffic by confirming drivers have the right documents for EU import controls.

Department of Transport information advice sites offering COVID-19 tests are located at the following key services and locations:

The above Covid testing times were correct at the time of publishing this blog, However, check this at the site before setting off on your journey.

Other than the COVID-19 tests, the advice sites also offer drivers:

  • Information about the rules and documents needed to move goods between the UK and EU
  • complete free border readiness check to ensure they have the correct documentation to cross the EU border
  • help using the Check an HGV is ready to cross the border service

Drivers on Demand advices that you carry all the necessary paperwork and allow extra time to ensure that you do not get caught out by the 72 hour COVID-19 negative test result rule prior to entering France.

Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

Drivers with Truck Mounted Forklift operating skills in Demand

You may have seen Heavy Goods Vehicles carrying a bit of equipment hooked on the back of their truck and wondered what it is. These are Truck Mounted Forklifts (TMFL) that are carried around at the rear of the lorry and accompany the driver with their vehicle to where-ever the goods are to be delivered.  On reaching the destination the machine is right there at the place it needs to be and the driver who also operate the forklift, can simply off-load the goods from the HGV, then securely re-hook the machine back on to the vehicle and drive away to their next delivery point.

Truck Mounted Forklift - Drivers on Demand

In 1986 Cecil Moffett invented the Moffett Mounty truck mounted forklift in Ireland. This was a new concept allowing a relatively light weight forklift to piggyback on the rear of a lorry or trailer combination without taking up load space. The machine is built around the counterbalance principle, but the wheels are moved forward under the load, meaning the fulcrum point is further forward reducing the need for such a heavy counterweight.

Other manufacturer’s now also offer similar machines. However, developments and innovations with Moffett Mounty (now known as simply “Moffett”) continue and have revolutionised the haulage industry and are indispensable in modern transport load-handling situations.TMFL provide greater freedom of movement and reduce the overall costs of making deliveries. Compared to more conventional forklifts, TMFL are lighter, more agile and can be used in places where accessibility is difficult (including off-road for example at construction sites). With TMFL, drivers can unload cargo without waiting for assistance and faster turnaround means increasing productivity and substantially reducing transportation and handling costs and assisting with better logistics and increased profitability.

TMFL can be dismounted and be ready for work in as little as a minute and using them is easy as they are highly operator friendly, and they eliminate manual handling as the load can be precisely and safely positioned by the operator in almost any location.

Drivers with TMFL often earn more because their qualifications and skills increase productivity for their employer who can reward them accordingly.

TMFL’s safety and longevity, high level of operator comfort and optimum manoeuvrability means they are ideal for multiple industries including:

  • transport and beverage logistics,
  • recycling material applications,
  • technical and medical gases,
  • agriculture and the live events sector,
  • builder and timber merchants - delivering building materials, plasterboard, insulation & wood.
  • distributors of pet food, bird seed & agricultural feed,
  • drinks and beverage wholesalers,
  • many types of palletised distribution are perfect for on-off deliveries like lawn turf.

Drivers on Demand has seen an increase in enquires for both permanent and temporary drivers with TMFL/Moffett experience during the Covid-19 pandemic as companies look for replacement of employees who are unwell or are self isolating. If you need a driver with TMFL/Moffett operating skills or would like to get a Truck-Mounted Forklift qualification, or if you’ve got the qualification and are looking for work we can help. Call Wallace School of Transport – 0208 453 3440 ask for Russell

Drivers on Demand’s sister company Wallace School of Transport offers forklift training on all types of forklifts including TMFL/Moffett. If you are a driver and would like to enhance your skills and job prospects call Wallace Forklift Training for free on 0800 612 8948, choose option 3 or click here to email us.

Wallace School of Transport has over 50 years of experience in LGV/HGV, bus and coach driver training with the aim to get appropriate licence. There is still a shortage of HGV/LGV drivers in UK. With the unemployment rising, if you want to train to be a lorry or bus/coach driver, call us on 020 8453 3440.

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445

February 2020 - DoD Driver Secures Full Time Position

Drivers on Demand (DoD) would like to congratulate Craig Goldsbury for securing a full time position as Warehouse Operative and Wholesale Driver. Craig was registered with Drivers on Demand since October 2019.

Craig is originally from New Zealand and during his short stay with Drivers on Demand proved to be very reliable, hardworking, honest and trustworthy. Craig has a category B driver’s licence. For category B licence, if you passed your test before 1st January 1997, you are allowed to drive a vehicle and a trailer combination of up to 8.25 tonnes, maximum authorised mass (MAM) and a minibus with a trailer over 0.75 tonne. If you passed your test after 1st January 1997, you can drive vehicles up to 3.5 tonne MAM and up to 8 passenger seats with a trailer up to 0.75 tonne.

3.5 Tonne Van - need category B licence to drive it

3.5 Tonne Van – Need Category B Licence to drive it

The company Craig will be working for is a Drivers on Demand customer and specialises in distribution of sports nutrition vending services to gyms, universities and leisure centres across UK. It was established in 2012 and has seen a rapid expansion in UK. It offers a complete service including delivery, installation, maintenance, fully managed and self-fill vending machine packages to suit all their customers’ needs.

Drivers on Demand wish Craig Goldsbury a long and successful career.

If you are looking to train as an HGV/LGV, Bus and Coach, Hiab, Forklift or B+E van driver, contact our sister company Wallace School of Transport. Wallace has over 50 years of experience in driver training and you will be booking direct with the training provider and thus save money.

Contact Drivers on Demand - for all your Driver needs - contract, temporary or permanent positions - one call sorts it all

Drivers on Demand, 6 Steele Road, Park Royal, London, NW10 7AR
Click here to email usTel:  020 8453 3444, Fax: 020 8453 3445